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The Rocher

The Original Rocher

Protecting some elements that the first men invented on the territory,around 300 000 years B.C.,the Rocher has always been coveted for its strategic position .Les Ligures were the first sedentary inhabitants of Monaco.The Phocaean,the Romans,the Saracens as well as Barbarian Tribes,succeeded there until the XI Century.The name of Monaco comes from the Phocaean times,with the foundation of the Monoïkos colony in the VI Century B.C

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The Rocher

The work of Malizia

Its only in 1215,that a detachment of Ghibellines began the construction of a fortress on the Rocher,these latter launching without knowing it the modern era of Monaco.In 1297,on the night from the 7th to 8th of January, it is François Grimaldi dressed as a Franciscan monk reached to seize the Rocher,winning the surname of Malizia(François le Malin).Thus,the Grimaldi House was born,which still rules Monaco today,sevencenturies later.

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The Rocher

Deo Juvante

The cupboards of the Grimaldi House put on scene two monks armed with a sword in tribute to the legend of “Malizia“.On the outskirts of the Palace,a statue is dedicated to the first Grimaldi of the Rocher,while the AS Monaco football fans have made a logo out of it.The motto « Deo Juvante »also appears on the monégasque shield which signifies ”With help of God”

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The Rocher

The institutions and the sacred

The Rocher not only shelters the Prince’s Palace,it also indeed regroups all the institutions of the country.We can find there the National Council(monégasque Parliament),the Government ,the town hall,the Municipal Council,the barracks of the “Carabiniers du Prince”,as well as the tribunals and a prison that is literally hanged to the rock.Its the oldest part of the Principality,with its old city and the big cathedral that was renovated in the XIX Century

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The Rocher

The vision of the Marin Prince

In 1910,the Prince Albert 1st,known as the “Marin Prince”made a real Temple of the Sea be built on the Rocher. Thus,it is now more than a Century that the Oceanographic Museum faces the Mediterranean,participating in the preservation of Oceans and marks the attachment of Monaco in the environmental cause

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